Vietnam Airlines (Vietnam Airlines)

    Vietnam National Airlines (Vietnamese: H?ng Hàng kh?ng Qu?c gia Vi?t Nam) is the national airline of Vietnam. It was established in 1956 under the name of "Vietnam Civil Aviation Administration" and became a state-owned enterprise in April 1989. . Vietnam Airlines is headquartered in Long Bien District, Hanoi City, with hub airports Noi Bai International Airport and Tan Son Nhat International Airport, serving 52 destinations in 17 countries.

    From its establishment to the early 1990s, Vietnam Airlines was a relatively obscure company in the aviation industry, whose development was hindered by national political factors and socio-economic factors. The normalization of U.S.-Vietnam relations will allow Vietnam Airlines to expand its network, improve products and services, and modernize its fleet. In 1996, the Vietnamese government, with airlines as the center, combined more than 20 companies to form the Vietnam Airlines Corporation. In 2010, Vietnam Airlines was restructured into a limited company and changed its name to Vietnam Airlines Co., Ltd. The management consists of seven people, all appointed by the Prime Minister of Vietnam.

    Passenger transportation is the core business of Vietnam Airlines, and airlines play an indispensable role in the country's economic development. Vietnam Airlines wholly owns 70% of Vietnam Airlines Service Company, Jetstar Pacific Airlines and 49% of Cambodia Angkor Air. It also has a number of subsidiaries that operate in-flight catering, aircraft maintenance and overhaul services, including Vietnam Airlines Engineering Technology Company and Vietnam Airlines Catering Joint Stock Company. Vietnam Airlines also operates aircraft leasing business and airport ground handling, and expects to develop aircraft parts production business in the future. The company also has a freight department, which is responsible for the freight business.

    In June 2010, Vietnam Airlines became a member of SkyTeam, the first SkyTeam member company in Southeast Asia. Vietnam Airlines expects to complete its restructuring and partial privatization by 2015 to improve and enhance service efficiency and competitiveness. This will help Vietnam Airlines' long-term development plan, including improving products and services, as well as expanding its fleet and flight network, to achieve its goal of becoming the second full-service airline in Southeast Asia by 2020.

    Vietnam National Airlines Co., Ltd. (T?ng C?ng ty Hàng kh?ng Vi?t Nam

    Established in 1956 (Vietnam Civil Aviation Administration)
    hub airport
    Hanoi Noi Bai International Airport

    Ho Chi Minh City Tan Son Nhat International Airport
    Secondary Hub Da Nang International Airport
    key airports
    Siem Reap - Angkor International Airport
    Phnom Penh International Airport
    Frequent Flyer Rewards Program Golden Lotus Rewards Points Program
    Airline Alliance SkyTeam
    vietnam air service co.

    vietnam aviation engineering and technology co., ltd.
    Vietnam Airlines Catering Joint Stock Company
    Jetstar Pacific
    Fleet 99
    Navigable cities 52 (21 domestic flights, 28 international flights, 3 seasonal/charter flights)
    Company Slogan Bringing Vietnamese Culture to the World
    Headquarters Long Bien District, Hanoi City, Vietnam
    Important figures Fan Yueqing (Chairman) Fan Yuming (General Manager)
    Turnover ▲ VND725.55 trillion (USD 3.45 billion; 2013)
    Profit ▲ VND533 billion (USD 25 million; 2013)



    Vietnam Airlines has its origins in January 1956, when it was established by the nationalized Gia Lam Airport under the name of "Vietnam Civil Aviation" under the name of the North Vietnamese government. It was filed after the government signed Decree No. 666/TTg No. The airline was created as part of the Air Force for civilian purposes with two supports for the Soviet Union and China; initially, its fleet consisted of two Lisunov Li-2s, which were later replaced by two Il-14s and three Aeronautical AE-45s . This is because of an embargo that prohibits airlines from leasing and/or purchasing US technology or components.
    A Vietnam Airlines Tu-134 at Don Mueang International Airport in 1992.
    The airline's development and expansion was severely constrained by the Vietnam War (1954-1975). After the war, its first international destination was Beijing, followed by Vientiane in 1976. In this year, various airlines called the General Department of Civil Aviation in Vietnam, and started full operation; it carried 21,000 passengers, of which One-third were international flights, and 3,000 tons of cargo (6,600,000 pounds). In 1978, Vietnam Airlines added another important purpose to provide flights to Bangkok. The late 1980s and early 1990s saw the expansion of the network in Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Manila and Singapore.
    In 1990, the company began discussions about adding Western-built aircraft to the fleet. Later that year, however, the operator had to cancel the acquisition of two Airbus A310s due to their use of American-manufactured engines. By July 1991, the airline had entered into a wet lease agreement with Dutch lessor Transavia. The aircraft involved was a Boeing 737-300, the uniform that arrived in Vietnam Airlines. However, after the plane returned, the U.S. State Department pressured the Dutch lessor to unload the plane from Vietnam. Subsequently, Vietnam Airlines organized a similar but more complex deal with TEA Basel, who spent the rest of 1991 negotiating a deal with the US authorities. Ultimately, a solution that states "must be located outside Vietnam, and Vietnam Airlines has no logo or text under which it can represent Vietnam Airlines' operations." was reached. In December 1991, Cathay Pacific and Vietnam Airlines agreed on a 50-50 joint venture between Hong Kong and Vietnam to operate because the airline's Tu-134 fleet did not meet Kai Tak's noise limits.
    In October 1992, an Airbus A310 was added to the Boeing 737. However, there was a dispute over who should pay for the plane's maintenance after a sustained engine failure led to its replacement with another A310 GATX, also operated by Jesús Air. United Technologies in a similar dispute encouraged airlines Airbus to switch to Boeing. Thus, a Boeing 767-200ER, leased from Ansett Global Air Services (AWAS), arrived in January 1993, with Royal Brunei Airlines' Boeing 767-300ER, arriving the following year. In October 1993, the first Airbus A320-200 entered into a two-year wet lease with Air France. Vietnam Airlines has a partnership with Air France, and discussions have now begun on Airbus Vietnam Airlines, which the French operator has agreed to lease, and also provides customer support and pilot/crew training. By that time the route network had expanded further internationally, seeing destinations such as Paris, Tokyo, Seoul, Taipei, Sydney and Melbourne incorporated. In 1993, the airline carried 1.06 million passengers, of which 418,000 were international flights.

    New Enterprises: 1993-2006

    The airline became Vietnam's flag carrier in 1993, after having completed a restructuring process that began four years ago. During the year, the airline split from the Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam (CAAV) and became a state-owned enterprise. The move was similar to the reorganization of the Civil Aviation Administration of China into several regional airlines in 1987. Although the airline gained some independence from CAAV, it was still known as the Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam within the period 1993-1996.
    Front logo of Vietnam Airlines. In October 2002, the airline introduced the current identity of the Golden Lotus consistent with the Boeing 777 delivered in 2003.
    In February 1994, U.S. President Bill Clinton lifted the trade embargo, giving Vietnam Airlines access to Western-built aircraft capabilities. As a result, Vietnam Airlines announced in April of the same year that it would phase out inefficient Soviet aircraft. By April 1995, the fleet consisted of nine Airbus A320s (leased from Air France owners), 11 Antonov An-24s, four ATR72s, two Boeing 707-300s, three Il-18s, nine Tutu Polev-134s Sanyakovlev Yak 40; route network at this time includes 14 domestic destinations (including Ban Ki Mesot, Da Nang, Dien Bien Phu, Hue, Nha Trang, Phucoq and Pleiku) and 16 international destinations (including Bangkok, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore). On May 27, 1995, the airline, along with some other aviation-related businesses, was incorporated into the establishment of Vietnam Airlines Corporation. Two Fokker 70s were purchased in mid-1995 for US$50 million; they were intended to partially replace the Tu-134. Fleet on domestic routes as well as in transport as VIP in December 1995 to discuss GECAS for three additional, second-hand leased Boeing 767-300ERs in progress; these EX- Continental aircraft will serve as replacements for wet leased Boeing 767s (Three -300ERs and one -200ER from AWAS and leased from Royal Brunei) fleet.
    In September 1996, Vietnam Airlines began to provide enterprise-level services, and in 1999, the airline launched its frequent flyer reward program, the Golden Lotus Card; during 1996, Vietnam Airlines looked for aircraft that would replace the A320 wet aircraft The lease of Air France ended in the deal. In addition to acquiring further A320s, the airline considers Boeing 737s and McDonnell Douglas MD-90s. In February 1996, GECAS delivered the first three Boeing 767-300ERs to the operator, on a dry lease for five years. In October of the same year, two Boeing 767-300ERs and one Boeing 767-200, leased from AWAS and Royal Brunei Airlines, respectively, were returned to the lessor, but in early 1997 another Boeing 767-300ER was phased in from AWAS - one year lease. With its liberal use of Western-made planes, Vietnam Airlines is considering acquiring long-haul planes to better serve Vietnamese living overseas. The Airbus A340, Boeing 747 and McDonnell Douglas MD-11 were the subject of discussion. Meanwhile, two Fokker 70s were acquired in May and July to replace twelve Tupolev-134S. On September 3, 1997, a Tupolev-134B crashed on its way to Phnom Penh's Pochentong Airport in bad weather, killing more than 60 people.
    A Vietnam Airlines Fokker 70 at Po Thanh Dong Airport in 2004.
    The new livery was introduced in early 1998, initially on the Boeing 767. In December 2001, Vietnam Airlines signed a historic agreement for Boeing to acquire the first-ever U.S.-built aircraft, marking the start of trade under a bilateral trade agreement between the two countries. The deal involves four Boeing 777-200ERs. The total value of the transaction is US$6.8 million; the first aircraft was originally scheduled for delivery in 2003. These four aircraft, along with six others of the same type, were leased from the International Leasing Finance Corporation (ILFC), the airline's flagship , and serve in, . Long-haul routes, respectively, during the year, the airline carried 3.4 million passengers, 1.9 million who were domestic flights; flights to Beijing, and resumed services to Kunming were launched. In 2002, Vietnam Airlines deemed a lease to supply two Airbus A340-300s from Airbus. On September 4, 2003, a landmark ceremony celebrated the airline's receipt of its purchase of its first Boeing 777-200ER from Boeing Co. On October 28, the airline decided to move its operations from Moscow Sheremetyevo International Airport to Domodedovo International Airport.
    In June 2005, Vietnam Airlines ordered four Boeing 787-8s. Twelve additional 787-8s were ordered in late 2007, some of them were acquired directly from the company and the rest were purchased by the operator's subsidiary Vietnam Aircraft Leasing Corporation (VALC). The new planes will allow Vietnam Airlines to expand its network and replace some of its leased planes. Regarding Boeing's delays, CEO Pham Yuh Ho Chi Minh City said in September 2009 "We are not happy about the constant delays. It affects our business plans. We want to get our planes in 2009, then 2010, and now no one can Confirmed to us that this is the exact delivery date. I can be patient, but it gives. We have a lot of trouble" switching airline Boeing 787 orders from -8 to -9 model in 2010, stating that the 787-8s did not meet all requirements Boeing Company initially committed; airline expected to receive its first aircraft in 2015
    On June 20, 2005, the airline launched a direct service from Frankfurt after a discontinued service to Berlin. It came when tourism between the two countries soared by 70% in the 2004-2005 period. The following year, Vietnam Airlines was admitted to the International Air Transport Association. As part of the action, Vietnam Airlines has to meet the association's IOSA safety standards.

    Expansion: 2007, current

    A Vietnam Airlines Boeing 767-300ER on short five to Kuala Lumpur International Airport in 2003 was wearing a livery before the plane.
    According to some newspaper reports, in 2007, the Vietnamese government planned to partially privatize Vietnam Airlines. In this plan, the government is considering selling a 20-30% stake in the airline, which, in the eyes of outsiders, is in balance with the government. This is a small group of SOEs to be privatized by the government's larger proposal, which will be completed in 2010 under the Vietnam Authorization Plan the following year; however, the plan did not proceed as the airline missed the deadline for the government, which was arranged In 2010, due to the global financial crisis.
    In January 2007, the airline and VALC signed a memorandum of understanding to purchase ten Airbus A350 XWBs, and another 20 Airbus A321s. The Airbus A350 planes will complement the Boeing 787s already ordered by the airline. This single order will result in Vietnam Airlines becoming one of the largest Airbus operators in Asia. The two companies also ordered five additional ATR 72-500s in December 2007.
    Vietnam was selected to host the 60th Miss World competition in 2008. As the country's national airline, Vietnam Airlines was selected as the sponsoring airline for the beauty pageant. Therefore, its task is to manage all the transport matters for the work competition, which takes place during September and October, just before the competition starts. However, it was later decided to carry out activities in Sanya, China, following speculation of Vietnam's withdrawal. In August 2008, Vietnam Airlines joined Nagoya, the airline's route network in addition to serving as the fourth point in Japan to Fukuoka, Osaka and Tokyo.
    In 2009, Vietnam Airlines and the Cambodian government formed a joint venture with 49% and 51% stakes respectively, with the goal of promoting tourism in Cambodia. The joint venture is a named new Cambodian national airline Cambodia Angkor Air, which began flying in July, the same year, utilizing ATR-72 equipment; . An Airbus A321 joined the fleet in September. Also in 2009, the operator was contracted to handle another 16 Airbus A321s plus two Airbus A350s at the Paris Air Show. In addition, Vietnam Airlines launched a new bilingual website in October to simplify bookings, and adopted a new passenger service system designed by IT provider Sabre Aviation Solutions.
    A Vietnam Airlines Airbus A321-200 at Singapore Changi Airport in 2010.
    On August 26, 2010, the airline teamed up with Boeing during the unveiling of its interior modernization program to increase passenger comfort. From late September to early October, Vietnam Airlines is discounting up to 85% of its 90,000 fares to celebrate the 1,000th anniversary of Thang Long Hanoi. In November 2010, the airline was awarded a $1 million contract by Honeywell to retrofit the flight systems of Airbus A321" aircraft, which was calculated to save Vietnam Airlines US$10,000 per aircraft per year.
    In February 2012, Vietnam Airlines raised its stake in the low-cost airline Jetstar Pacific to 70%, holding the balance with Qantas. Vietnam's flag carrier is Vietnam's second-largest airline major shareholder, but its shares have been transferred to the Ministry of Finance and subsequently in the Vietnam State Capital Investment Corporation (SCIC). SCIC's stake in the operator's takeover of Jetstar Pacific will leverage US$27 million with the low-cost airline, which will help the fleet update targeting In late April 2012, aircraft lessor ALC announced a placing order Delivery of 8 Boeing 787-9s, which will be leased to Vietnam Airlines; delivery is expected in late May 2017. In late May 2012, the carrier signed an agreement with the Export-Import Bank of Vietnam, with a loan valued at $1 million, in which the operator Four Airbus A321s to be acquired using financing; eight Boeing 787s financed in April 2013 with a further $1 million loan. In a deal worth US$1.7 billion, Vietnam Airlines signed a contract with General Electric in October 2013 for the airline to have ordered 40 engine-powered Boeing 787 aircraft.
    In July 2014, a new route from Hanoi to Tokyo's Haneda Airport was introduced. Vietnam Airlines took delivery of its first Airbus A350-900 in late June 2015, after becoming the second global operator of Qatar Airways. In August 2015, the airline's first Boeing 787-9 entered the fleet.


    With 170 aircraft expected to operate in 2020, Vietnam Airlines aims to become the second largest full-service operator in Southeast Asia. The airline is interested in launching service to the U.S., with more than 1.2 million Vietnamese resident. Such a plan was confirmed in December 2003, but was later delayed because Vietnam had not yet become part of the FAA's International Aviation Safety Assessment Program. Vietnam Airlines is also credited with "opening up new routes such as Ho Chi Minh City/Hanoi, Vietnam, London, Ho Chi Minh City/Hanoi-Shanghai/Beijing, China; Ho Chi Minh City Mumbai, Ho Chi Minh City Brisbane and Ho Chi Minh City Doha", according to Company CEO Fan Yu Ho Chi Minh in 2008
    A Vietnam Airlines Boeing 777-200 at Noi Bai International Airport in Hanoi in 2015.
    Although the airline has launched flights to London's Gatwick, Beijing and Shanghai currently have no flights to Mumbai, Doha and Brisbane. The airline also plans to fly to Berlin and start flying to Adelaide, Perth, Amsterdam, Milan, Prague, Mandalay, Dalian, Nanjing, Hangzhou and cities in Africa; by 2020, Vietnam Airlines It is expected to become 53 international destinations, up from 27 in 2011. By 2020, Vietnam Airlines plans to increase its annual revenue to US$7 billion - from $1.86 billion in 2010 - by implementing 620,000 tons of cargo and 350,000 passengers, using a fleet of 163 aircraft (later Revised to 410,000 passengers using 170 aircraft). It aims to capture a 45 percent market share of Vietnam's aviation market. In its first 15 years of operation, from 1996 to 2010, Vietnam Airlines carried out 678,550 flights of 820,000 people. In addition, Vietnam Airlines intends to move most of its international operations from its current hub, Tan Son Nhat International Airport, to the proposed Long Thanh International Airport. Costing about US$6 billion, the airport will help Vietnam Airlines boost its operations internationally, according to Vietnamese authorities, as it aims to bypass the Thai-dominated gateway to the Greater Mekong region. London operations were transferred from Gatwick to Heathrow in 2015; the airline plans to operate its new Boeing 787-9 aircraft for this purpose from 1 July 2015.
    In January 2011, plans were announced by the airline to restart its initial public offering (IPO) by the end of 2012; earlier attempts were stalled by the impact of the 2007-2010 financial crisis. An IPO and subsequent share offering, originally scheduled for mid-2014 after several delays, will provide funds to expand Vietnam Airlines' fleet and network. With the company valued at US$1.5 billion, the government plans to maintain a 75% stake at first. The IPO plan was submitted to Vietnam's Ministry of Transport in June 2014. The plan started on November 14, 2014, and the IPO has received two submissions from foreign companies, but their names have not been disclosed. The company will be restructured in 2015 to bring it into line with other state-owned enterprises and to shift focus away from non-core businesses. Following the restructuring, the airline group will include Vietnam Airlines itself, as well as the three major operators; in total, the company will include 26 independent audit firms.
    Vietnam Airlines Co., Ltd. is a limited liability company wholly owned by the Vietnamese government, which has been restructured as Vietnam Airlines Corporation in June 2010, and its role is to provide economic benefits to the country, as its mission, in addition to scheduled passenger and cargo transportation, Including "responsibility for the treatment of labor, contribution to the state budget, and provision of charter flights", according to former CEO Dao Nong Duk Meng Nhung. The airline is led and overseen by a seven-seat management team whose members are selected by the Prime Minister of Vietnam. As of July 2015, Fan Yueqing was the chairman of the company, while Fan Yuh Ho Chi Minh City was the president and CEO, as of March 2014. As of March 2014, the company's aviation division had 10,929 employees. The airline is headquartered in Hanoi, Long Bien; previously it was headquartered at Gia Lam Airport in Gia Lam, Hanoi.


    In 2009, the airline, Airbus and ESMA Aviation Academy created Bay Vietnam Flight Training Company to train pilots in the country and expects that up to 100 trainees will graduate each year. In October 2010, the company planned to train 60 pilots in Vietnam during 2011-2012. In 2010, Vietnam Airlines needed 636 pilots, 60% of whom were Vietnamese. It plans to raise that figure to 75% by 2015, which means there will be at least 100 new hires each year from 2010 to 2015. Vietnam Airlines also contracted the CAE Global Academy in Phoenix, Arizona, USA, to train cadets.

    Financial Performance

    President Pham Ngoc Ho Chi Minh and CEO of Vietnam Airlines during the World Economic Forum in Ho Chi Minh City.
    Vietnam Airlines has enjoyed annual passenger flights until 1997, when an average increase of 37% caused the loss of profits for the airline due to reasons such as the Asian financial crisis. Still, airlines have profited throughout the crisis. In 1996, the airline carried 2.5 million passengers, an increase of 18%, and from 1995 the airline carried more than 4 million passengers in 2002, an increase of 18% from the previous year. Its freight volumes also climbed 20% over the same period, resulting in a 2002 profit of US$3.577 billion.

    Despite the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak, the airline posted a profit of US$2.62 billion in 2003. In 2006, it carried 6.8 million passengers (3.7 million international) and earned nearly US$1.37 billion in revenue (ex 11 months). Vietnam Airlines carried more than 9 million passengers, of which 4 million were international passengers in 2007, and it witnessed the airline earn a gross profit of US$23 million from revenue of US$1.23 billion a year. It also transports 115,100 tons of cargo. In 2009, the airline's revenue was US$1.3 billion, more than the US$1.56 billion it earned last year. During this period, Vietnam Airlines carried 9.3 million passengers. According to, Vietnam Airlines' passenger traffic for 2010 was up 30 percent compared to the same period a year earlier. This also coincides with an increase in airport capacity in Vietnam, by 21%. In 2012, the company's total turnover was $2.4 billion and the realized profit totaled $3.3 million. The following year, the operator posted a gross profit of US$25 million.

    Vietnam Airlines held a market share of about 40% of the international passenger flights to and from Vietnam in February 2012. At that time, Vietnam Airlines controlled 77% of the domestic aviation market, with 14% involving Jetstar Pacific. As of December 2012, Vietnam Airlines controlled just under 70% of the domestic market share.

    Subsidiaries and Affiliates

    Vietnam Airlines has at least 20 subsidiaries and affiliates. After its restructuring in 2015, the company will have more than 10 companies offloading its shares.

    Company Type Main Activities In Formation Group Shareholders' Equity Shareholding
    Vietnam Airlines Service Company Auxiliary Passenger Passenger Vietnam 100%
    Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company Auxiliary Aircraft Maintenance Vietnam 100%
    Vietnam Airlines Cuisine Auxiliary Catering Vietnam 100%
    100% from Noibai Catering Services Auxiliary Catering Vietnam 100%
    Jetstar Pacific Auxiliary Passenger Vietnam 70%
    Cambodia Angkor Air JV Passenger Cambodia 49%
    Vietnam Aviation Leasing Company Joint Venture Aircraft Leasing Vietnam 20%

    Aircraft Maintenance and Production

    Vietnam Airlines is increasingly involved in maintaining, overhauling and producing aircraft. Maintenance works are carried out by Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company (VAECO), which was established in 1 January 2009. VAECO mainly organizes the merger of A75 and A76 aircraft maintenance bases. : 93 VAECO for maintenance and technical services for Vietnam Airlines and other airlines. The establishment of the company opened a new era in the field of aircraft maintenance in Vietnam. As of 2013, VAECO is able to perform a wide range of maintenance on many different types of aircraft; this includes C-checks on the Boeing 777, Airbus A330, Airbus A320 and Airbus A321; and D-checks, the most thorough of all maintenance procedures, which is carried out on ATR 72 and Fokker 70

    Apart from its own maintenance facilities, Vietnam Airlines also has maintenance contracts with other airlines and maintenance organizations.

    There are currently no production facilities, aircraft and spare parts in Vietnam. However, Boeing has managed to gain 35% of the distribution market in Vietnam, while GE Aviation, in turn, supplies jet engines for Boeing aircraft. For the future, on the contrary, Vietnam Airlines is planning to cooperate with companies such as Rolls-Royce to build a maintenance plant. It also signed a memorandum of understanding with the European Aerospace Defense Group, the pan-European aerospace and defense company, which will allow the company to assemble and produce aircraft parts in the future


    Vietnam Airlines is the flag carrier of Vietnam, established in 1956 by the Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam. It was established as a state-owned enterprise in April 1989 before merging with about 20 other companies to form Vietnam Airlines Corporation (later renamed Vietnam Airlines Co., Ltd.), with the airline as its core. From its centers at Tan Son Tan Son Nhat International Airport and Noi Bai International Airport, as well as Da Nang International Airport, the airline flies to 49 scheduled and charter destinations in about 16 countries. The airline also has codeshare agreements with some 19 airlines, giving it a total integrated flight network covering Asia, Europe, North America, Africa and Oceania.


    Here is the list of destinations that are flown by Vietnam Airlines' passenger flights. It does not include code sharing.
    Flights are operated by Vietnam Airlines. Some domestic flights in Vietnam are operated by Vietnam Airline Services Company (VASCO), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Vietnam Airlines, for Vietnam Airlines.
    Vietnam Airlines' international destinations service from the airline's two hubs (yellow), excluding charter and seasonal services. Some expected future destinations include (red).
    Vietnam Airlines has a network within East Asia, Southeast Asia, Europe and Oceania. With around 300 daily flights, the airline flies to 21 domestic destinations and 28 international. Plus, it has codeshare agreements with multiple airlines on routes, some of which span North America.

    Spring Festival flights

    Vietnam Airlines has increased flights between traditional Vietnamese cities to cope with the huge demand brought by the annual Tet celebrations. This busy period, which can drop anywhere from late January to mid-February, is Vietnam's most important celebration; hundreds of additional flights are planned for domestic airlines during this period to bring Vietnam back to its own Families, often in rural hectares, go home to celebrate. In 2010, the airline increased the number of seats from 45% to 120% on certain domestic routes. In 2011, more flights were added to the top ten routes, adding more than 100,000 seats. About 63,000 of these seats are between the country's capital and Ho Chi Minh City. This represents a significant increase of 41% on weekdays. In 2013, the operator added an additional 174,000 seats during the festivities, 82,000 of which were on the mainline of its main hub.


    Vietnam Airlines joined SkyTeam on 10 June 2010.

    Code sharing agreement

    As of September 2015, Vietnam Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:

    Air France
    Cambodia Angkor Air
    Cathay Pacific
    China International Airlines
    China Eastern Airlines
    China Southern Airlines
    Czech Airlines
    Delta Air Lines
    EL AL
    Etihad Airways
    Garuda Indonesia
    Japan Airlines
    Jet Airways
    Jetstar Pacific
    Korean Air
    Lao Airlines
    Philippine Airlines


    Active duty

    Vietnam Airlines' current fleet is a Boeing 777-200ER short-term final to Singapore Changi Airport in 2012 and an Airbus A330-200 for passenger and cargo services. An Airbus A321-200 painted in SkyTeam livery. The first Airbus A350 Vietnam Airlines takes off from Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
    As of December 2015, Vietnam Airlines has a fleet of 99 aircraft. Some of these aircraft are leased to Cambodia Angkor Air and VASCO. If the planes are not considered part of Vietnam Airlines' fleet, the fleet of about 77 aircraft operated by Vietnam Airlines is 510 years old, with an average age of June 2013. The carrier plans to expand its fleet to 110 aircraft by 2015. In addition to passenger services, the airline also operates the Air Cargo division of Vietnam Airlines Cargo, which provides cargo services to destinations in Asia, Europe, North America and Oceania, using its own passenger aircraft , as well as the aircraft as a partner.

    Previous operation

    A Vietnam Airlines Boeing 767-300ER wearing the airline's uniform previously at Tan Son Nhat International Airport in 2004.
    Since the concept in 1956, the airline has operated a wide range of aircraft, including equipment from the former Soviet Union, the United States, and Europe. Having retired all Soviet-made equipment, airlines currently use Boeing, ATR and Airbus aircraft.
    Vietnam Airlines has owned the following equipment all through its history:

    Aviation AE-45
    Airbus A300-600
    Airbus A300B4
    Airbus A310-200
    Airbus A310-300
    Airbus A320-200
    Airbus A321-100
    Airbus A330-300
    Airbus A340-200
    Antonov An 2
    ATR 72-200
    Boeing 707-320
    Boeing 707-320B
    Boeing 707-320C
    Boeing 727-200
    Boeing 737-300
    Boeing 767-200ER
    Boeing 767-300ER
    Douglas DC-3
    Fokker 70
    Il 14 G
    Yakovlev Yak 40



    On selected flights, Vietnam Airlines provides Audio Video On Demand (AVOD) in-flight entertainment via personal TVs. Entertainment options include movies, games, TV shows and music. Vietnam Airlines offers two in-flight magazines, Heritage and Heritage Fashion, among other reading materials.



    Business class is the highest sedan class offered by airlines. As is the case with business class on most airlines, the amenities offered in this class are quite different from economy class, and more services and products are available. On Boeing 777 aircraft, business class seats have 160 cm (62 cm) of legroom and can recline with a pitch of 157°, depending on the aircraft. The special comes out in a 2-3-2 configuration, each seat is equipped with lumbar support and a (26cm) personal touch screen capable of delivering an AVOD of 10.4. Hot meals are presented on flights lasting more than two hours.

    Luxury economy

    Premium Economy Class, Vietnam Airlines' equivalent to Premium Economy Class, has wider seat width and legroom compared to Economy with 36-38 seat pitch (91-97 cm) and 7 inches reclined, and Formulated 3-3-3. This class is offered only on select flights on Boeing 777. On flights that last 90 minutes, snacks; on two-hour plus flights, such as commercial classes, hot meals are served.


    Economy class can be operated by Vietnam Airlines on all flights. Seats in this cabin feature seat widths ranging from 51 cm (20 inches) (Airbus A330) to 53 cm (20.9) (Boeing 777). In this class, the seat pitch is 31-32 (79-81 cm), and the seat reclining length is 6~13° (5-6 inches). As with luxury economy, snacks are available in 90 minutes after the flight, and a hot meal can be in flight, which is more than two hours.

    Accidents and Incidents

    According to Aviation Safety Network, Vietnam Airlines has experienced six accidents/incidents since 1951, with two people, resulting in fatalities. The two fatal accidents occurred on final approach and both involved Soviet-built aircraft. The deadliest one took place on 3 September 1997, when a Tupolev-134B-3 crashed at Phnom Penh International Airport after hitting an approach tree; the death toll rose to 65. The other fatal accident occurred on 14 November 1992, when Yakovlev Yak 40 crashed on the way to Nha Trang airport, killing all 30 31 occupants. The airline also experienced a hijacking in 1992 without any recorded deaths.

    Hanoi Airline

    Two alphabet codeVN
    Three alphabet codeHVN
    Call lettersVIET NAM AIRLINES
    Country and regionVietnam
    Fleet quantity99
    Number of destination cities opened52
    Airlift alliance Sky team
    Phone number6339 3552
    Headquarters address260 Orchard Rd,238855 ,Vietnam, Hanoi, Long Bien District