China Southern Airlines (China Southern Airlines)

    China Southern Airlines Group Corporation China Southern Airlines Group Corporation is a central enterprise headquartered in Guangzhou. Together with China National Aviation Group Corporation and China Eastern Airlines Group Corporation, it is called China's three major aviation groups. Its listed airline, China Southern Airlines Co., Ltd. (Hong Kong Stock Exchange: 1055, Shanghai Stock Exchange: 600029, NYSE: ZNH, China Southern Airlines), often referred to as China Southern Airlines, has a blue vertical tail inlaid with red kapok as its company logo. It mainly provides air passenger, cargo and postal services within mainland China, across the Taiwan Strait and internationally. It has branches in Xinjiang, North, Beijing, Shenzhen, Hainan, Xi'an, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Dalian, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Shanghai, Taiwan and Zhuhai Helicopter and Xiamen Airlines, Shantou Airlines, Guizhou Airlines, Zhuhai Airlines, Chongqing Aviation, Henan Airlines and other 6 subsidiaries. In 2013, China Southern Airlines handled 91.8 million passengers, 1.28 million tons of cargo and mail, and a total transportation turnover of 17.5 billion ton-km, accounting for 30.2%, 20.5%, and 24.4% of China's total civil aviation. In terms of the total number of passengers carried, China Southern Airlines ranked third in the world with 80 million passengers in 2010, second only to American Airlines and Delta Air Lines. . China Southern Airlines is also a member of the SkyTeam alliance, and in the Asian region, it will conduct a comprehensive code-sharing agreement with Korean Air and Delta Air Lines. On October 14, 2011, Airbus delivered the first Airbus A380 to China Southern Airlines, making China Southern the first airline in China and the seventh airline in the world to operate Airbus A380 aircraft and the first airline in the world to operate both A380 and 787. company. The equity of China Southern Airlines is directly and through its subsidiaries (50.24%+9.01%+0.07%), Hong Kong and overseas private investors (H shares) (21.94%) and domestic public investors (A shares) ( 18.74%) composition. As of December 2010, China Southern has a total of 65,085 employees.

    Introduction of China Southern Cargo

    China Southern Cargo (IATA: CZ, ICAO: CSN, radio call sign: SOUTHERN CARGO), referred to as China Southern Cargo, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of China Southern Airlines, which specializes in cargo business. , was established in Guangzhou in 1991. The company is mainly engaged in air express, special cargo and general cargo logistics services around the world, with bases in Shanghai Pudong International Airport and Guangzhou Baiyun Airport. China Southern Airlines Cargo is one of the members of Skyteam Cargo. In addition to its own cargo fleet, China Southern Airlines also uses the cargo warehouse of more than 300 passenger aircrafts of China Southern Airlines for transportation, and has been in China, Europe and North America. An automobile intermodal network has been established. China Southern Airlines Cargo currently owns 8 Boeing 777-200 freighters. By the end of 2015, it will continue to introduce 6 Boeing 777-200 freighters. By then, China Southern Airlines' freighter fleet will reach 12.


    Early development

    The business of China Southern Airlines can be traced back to May 1950. The Civil Aviation Administration of China established the predecessor of China Southern Airlines in Guangzhou, the Military Commission Civil Aviation Guangzhou Office. , Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Henan) air passenger and cargo sales. In 1969, the Civil Aviation Guangzhou Administration established a transportation service team and began to manage and deploy its own fleet. Before the reform and opening up, semi-militarized management had been implemented.
    In 1984, the Civil Aviation Administration of China reorganized and split its business departments into 4 major airlines. Among them, the Civil Aviation Administration of Guangzhou, under the jurisdiction of "China Southern Airlines", was officially established on February 1, 1991, as the The name used externally by the Civil Aviation Administration of Guangzhou during its business operations. During this period, the company gradually carried out external exchanges and business expansion: in 1990, China Southern Airlines, Hong Kong Hutchison Whampoa and Lockheed jointly established "Guangzhou Aircraft Maintenance Engineering Co., Ltd." (GAMECO); by 1991, China Southern Airlines had a total of 38 Boeing aircraft. It flies to 90 domestic destinations and 12 international destinations, with an annual passenger volume of 6 million.

    Institutional reform

    On December 20, 1992, the Civil Aviation Administration of China implemented a system reform, and China Southern Airlines officially separated from the Civil Aviation Guangzhou Administration and became an economic entity that operates independently and is responsible for its own profits and losses, directly under the Civil Aviation Administration of China. The former Civil Aviation Administration of Guangzhou was changed to the Central South Administration of Civil Aviation, which no longer conducts business activities of civil aviation, but only supervises and manages it from a policy perspective. In January 1993, China Southern Airlines was approved by the state to change its name to "China Southern Airlines (Group) Company" and set up China Southern Airlines Group with the company as its core enterprise. In the same year, China Southern also signed an order with Boeing for 6 Boeing 777 passenger aircraft, including 4 777-200 and 2 777-200ER. In 1994, the Chinese government opened up the possibility of foreign businessmen entering Chinese airlines, and China Southern and the United States quickly negotiated the matter. In order to improve its operating level and profitability, China Southern signed an agreement with a US operator for staff training and aircraft maintenance, with a view to finally listing on the New York Stock Exchange. In the same year, China Southern's annual revenue doubled, but due to the cost impact of the company's development, profits did not increase significantly. China Southern's first Boeing 777 was delivered on December 28, 1995, making it the first operator in China to own this type of aircraft. Its first intercontinental route was from Guangzhou to Amsterdam via Beijing, which was officially launched in 1996. In 1997, China Southern opened another trans-Pacific intercontinental route: Guangzhou to Los Angeles, the outbound route with flight number CZ327 is also the longest flight of China Southern so far, and thus became the first Boeing 777 in aviation history to cross the Pacific Ocean. twin-engine extended-haul airline. Three years later, China Southern's Boeing 777s began to be deployed on routes to Sydney and Melbourne. Although the company has been committed to developing international operations from the beginning, domestic operations still account for more than 80% of total revenue. To this end, China Southern began to sign a series of code-sharing agreements in the mid-1990s to further enhance its international operational capabilities.
    In order to meet the needs of rapid development, China Southern Airlines began to enter the capital market to optimize its financial structure. In July 1997, the company was successfully listed on the New York and Hong Kong stock exchanges, raising more than US$700 million. The company was subsequently listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange in 2003.

    M&A development

    In July 2000, the Civil Aviation Administration of China announced that the 10 airlines under its direct management would be integrated into China's three major aviation groups: Air China, China Eastern Airlines and China Southern Airlines. On August 4, China Southern Airlines took the lead in acquiring Central China Airlines; the following year, it merged into the domestic business of Xinjiang Airlines, China Northern Airlines and its subsidiaries North Asia Airlines and Swan Airlines; in addition, China Southern Airlines also successively increased its holdings in many Chinese airlines. , is currently the holding company of Xiamen Airlines (51%) and Chongqing Airlines (60%), and is a shareholder of Sichuan Airlines (39%). In November 2004, China Southern Group completed all acquisitions, and in the same year, it carried 28 million passengers, becoming one of the top ten airlines in the world, and has the largest fleet, the largest base, and the widest range of all airlines in China. domestic flight network and the highest flight frequency. Its excellent passenger service was awarded the "Five-Star Diamond Award" for global high-quality service by the American Quality Service Science Association that year, and was also awarded the "Best Airline in China" award by the travel media "TTG".

    On September 29, 2003, China Southern Airlines ordered 4 A330-200 series passenger aircraft from Airbus, which was part of the 30 aircraft order signed by China Aviation Supplies Corporation in April of the same year. The first aircraft was delivered on February 28, 2005, making China Southern the first A330 operator in mainland China. Just before January 28, China Southern signed an order with Airbus for 5 A380-800 aircraft, which is also the first order for this aircraft from China, and it is planned to be put into operation during the 2008 Beijing Olympics. use. At the same time, the Chinese government also signed an order with Boeing for 60 7E7 series passenger aircraft, which will be assigned to 6 Chinese airlines including China Southern Airlines, and are scheduled to be delivered between 2008 and 2010. However, due to delivery delays, these aircraft were not delivered as scheduled before the Beijing Olympics. The first China Southern Airlines A380 arrived in Guangzhou in 2011, and the 7E7 series, officially named Boeing 787 by Boeing, has not yet been delivered. During the Spring Festival in 2005, China Southern Airlines became one of the first mainland Chinese airlines to implement charter flights for Taiwanese businessmen during the Spring Festival. At 8:00 a.m. on January 29, China Southern Airlines flight CZ3097, carrying 234 Taiwanese businessmen, took off from Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport and landed at Taipei Chung Cheng International Airport at 9:20, becoming the first plane to land legally in Taiwan after the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949. Chinese mainland aircraft. Three years later, on July 4, 2008, a China Southern Airlines A330 aircraft carrying 230 passengers landed in Taipei again first. Unlike the previous direct charter flights, all legal passengers from both sides of the Taiwan Strait can take the plane to and from. On August 13, 2009, China Southern Airlines Taiwan Branch was established in Taipei. China Southern Airlines became the first batch of mainland enterprises to obtain business licenses in Taiwan and formally establish a branch. On September 24, 2012, China Southern Airlines and state-owned enterprise Henan Civil Aviation Development Investment Co., Ltd. entered into a joint venture contract agreement to establish a joint venture company, China Southern Airlines Henan Airlines Co., Ltd., to expand its aviation and supporting business in Henan. The registered capital is 6 billion yuan. China Southern Airlines will invest 3.6 billion yuan (RMB, the same below), accounting for the joint venture company. 60% equity.
    The operating period of the joint venture company is 20 years, and the operating period may be extended with the consent of the shareholders of the joint venture company within one year before the expiry of the operating period.


    On October 19, 2006, China Southern ordered six Boeing 777 freighters from Boeing to support the growing demand for trans-Pacific routes. The first aircraft was delivered on December 3, 2009, making China Southern the first airline in mainland China and the fourth airline in the world to operate this aircraft. On December 30 of the same year, China Southern Airlines launched a flight from Beijing to Lagos, Nigeria via Dubai, the first regular passenger flight between East Asia and West African countries. The route was suspended due to the global financial crisis and the sharp fluctuations in international oil prices, but it was successfully resumed on April 11, 2009.

    On September 6, 2007, China Southern announced that it had purchased 55 new-generation B737-700s and B737-800s from Boeing to expand its fleet. The aircraft will be delivered between May 2011 and October 2013. China Southern Airlines will likely become the world's largest operator of the Boeing 737 by then. On October 23, China Southern signed a contract with Airbus for the purchase of 10 A330-200 aircraft. The latter will be delivered from March 2010 to August 2012, with a total contract value of approximately US$1.677 billion. With China's accession to the World Trade Organization, China Southern Airlines, which faces competition from the globalization of air transport, has begun to seek to join airline alliances. On August 28, 2004, China Southern Airlines and SkyTeam signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation, starting the internal preparations for joining the alliance, and finally officially joined on November 15, 2007, becoming the 11th member of SkyTeam and mainland China. The first airline to join an international airline alliance. In the same year, China Southern's passenger traffic surpassed All Nippon Airways and Japan Airlines, becoming the largest airline in Asia. The company also announced that it will increase the proportion of international routes at its two hub airports in Guangzhou and Beijing to accommodate the rapidly growing international business needs. On June 25, 2009, China Southern Airlines and Guangzhou Asian Games Organizing Committee held a signing ceremony in Guangzhou, officially becoming the official partner of the 2010 Asian Games, serving athletes, referees, government officials and athletes from 45 Asian countries and regions. Media reporters provide aviation services. On January 20, 2010, China Southern Airlines and Airbus signed an agreement to purchase 20 A320 series aircraft. Calculated according to the list price, each aircraft is 76.9 million US dollars, and the total transaction amount is 1.538 billion US dollars (about 10.5 billion yuan). The aircraft will be delivered between 2011 and 2013. In March of the same year, China Southern issued additional shares worth 10.75 billion yuan ($1.57 billion) in Shanghai and Hong Kong to pay off outstanding loans. In December, China Southern introduced a new shareholder for its subsidiary Xiamen Airlines, and injected a capital of 1.46 billion yuan, with a view to further improving the management level and profitability of Xiamen Airlines. On January 25, 2011, China Southern Airlines was awarded the "Four-star Airline" certificate by Skytrax, becoming the first large state-owned airline in China to be awarded a four-star rating, and the largest four-star airline currently operating;6 On March 22, it was awarded the honor of the most improved airline by Skytrax in 2011. In the same year, China Southern Airlines successively added new destinations such as Auckland, Tbilisi and Vancouver, among which the Guangzhou-Auckland route is the first direct flight from Mainland China to New Zealand. On the China-Australia route, China Southern's share of capacity has reached 52%, making it the largest carrier on the China-Australia route. On October 15, 2011, China Southern Airlines took delivery of the first Airbus A380 at the Capital Airport, becoming the first airline in China and the seventh in the world to operate Airbus A380 aircraft. On June 2, 2013, China Southern Airlines received China's first Boeing 787 from Everett Penn Airport at Guangzhou New Baiyun Airport, which means China Southern Airlines is the first airline in China to operate Boeing 787 aircraft. , is also the first airline in the world to operate both Boeing 787 and Airbus A380.
    China Southern Airlines introduced Boeing 777-300ER in March 2014 and used it to open a non-stop flight from Guangzhou to New York JFK Airport on August 6 of the same year. The route is 12,878 kilometers long and has a flight time of 16 hours and 05 minutes. longest route.


    At the end of 2010, China Southern carried 76.46 million passengers, ranking first in Asia and third in the world. As of May this year, China Southern has owned 420 large and medium-sized passenger and cargo transport aircraft, ranking the largest in Asia and the top six in the world. Since September 2011, the world's most advanced Airbus A380 large passenger aircraft and Boeing 787 long-range passenger aircraft have joined China Southern Airlines one after another. China Southern Airlines has also become the first Chinese airline to put into operation the aforementioned two types of aircraft.

    China Southern Airlines has successively introduced and operated 6 Boeing 767-300ERs since 1990. With the delivery of Boeing 777s it ordered, it began to withdraw the leases of Boeing 767s from 1996, until 1998. In 1992, China Southern introduced the regional airliner Saab 340B, and in 1997, it was fully transferred to Shandong Airlines. On October 27, 2008, as the last operator of McDonnell Douglas MD-82 in China, China Southern finally retired its last 12 MD-82 passenger aircraft, officially ending the operation of MD-82 in China. China Southern plans to replace them with the more efficient Airbus A321. On December 1, 2014, China Southern's first batch of Boeing 777-200ER flying across the Pacific was officially retired and replaced by Boeing 777-300ER.

    Cargo fleet

    China Southern Air Cargo is a cargo business department under China Southern Airlines Co., Ltd., mainly engaged in air express, special cargo and general cargo logistics services around the world. The main cargo flight operation base is located at Shanghai Pudong International Airport. The service range covers the United States, Europe and Asia. The company joined SkyTeam Cargo in November 2010. China Southern Air Cargo is a cargo business department under China Southern Airlines Co., Ltd., mainly engaged in air express, special cargo and general cargo logistics services around the world. The main cargo flight operation base is located at Shanghai Pudong International Airport. The service range covers the United States, Europe and Asia. The company joined SkyTeam Cargo in November 2010.
    On February 1, 1991, China Southern Airlines was established and began to jointly operate cargo transportation business with China Air Cargo using An-12 freighters, focusing on the implementation of overtime or charter flights for the routes with backlogged cargo at Guangzhou Baiyun Airport. In October of the same year, the transportation company was upgraded and changed to the Operation Department of China Southern Airlines, and the Cargo Division was upgraded to the Cargo Department.
    At the end of December 1992, the China Southern Airlines Cargo Building was officially opened, and the cargo warehouse introduced high-level stackers and other equipment. The collection and transportation, stowage and inquiry of goods were all controlled by computer, and it was one of the largest modern warehouses in China's civil aviation at that time.
    On January 4, 1996, China Southern Airlines reorganized the Cargo Department and other departments into the Transportation Department. On May 4, China Southern's two An-12 freighters from Russia's Baikal Airlines were officially put into operation. The two freighters made their maiden flight to Tianjin, and successively opened routes from Guangzhou to Chengdu, Shenyang and Harbin. Its first international cargo route was opened in January 1998, and it operates a regular cargo charter flight from Guangzhou to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, with one flight a day and a round trip the next day.
    In March 2000, China Southern Airlines Cargo opened the Shenzhen-Anchorage-Chicago-Shenzhen cargo route with a wet leased Atlas Air Boeing 747-400 aircraft, and officially began operating with all-cargo aircraft. Its self-purchased first Boeing 747-400F freighter began delivery in June 2002.
    On January 11, 2007, China Southern Cargo carried out business reorganization and set up 14 secondary units including independent finance department and human resources department. In October 2008, the cargo base was moved from Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport to Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Airport.
    In 2009, the first Boeing 777-200 freighter ordered by China Southern Airlines Cargo was delivered, and the round-trip cargo route between Shanghai and Frankfurt was opened on December 4. On July 23, 2010, in order to promote the construction of China Southern Airlines Guangzhou Cargo Transshipment Center, China Southern Airlines Cargo opened the first freight route from Guangzhou: Guangzhou-Amsterdam.
    On November 3, 2010, at the International Air Cargo Association Air Cargo Forum and Expo held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, China Southern Cargo and SkyTeam officially signed an alliance benchmarking agreement. China Southern Cargo joined SkyTeam Cargo as planned, becoming the first airline in China to join the International Air Cargo Alliance.

    General fleet

    The general aviation business of China Southern Airlines is mainly handled by Zhuhai Helicopter Branch, which was established in May 1980 and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of China Southern Airlines with 6 operating bases in China. The company mainly provides maritime logistics flight services for Chinese and foreign oil exploration enterprises, and also operates official flight, tourist flight, geophysical flight, forest protection flight and aerial photography, power line inspection, hoisting, hoisting and assembling towers, medical emergency, port pilotage, marine rescue. , aircraft hosting, pilot training and other services. The company now has 21 helicopters:

    retired models

    Boeing 767-300ER of China Southern Airlines (now transferred to Condor Airlines)

    Airbus A300B4-622R ATR 72 Boeing 737-2T4 Boeing 737-5Y0 Boeing 747-41BF Boeing 767-375ER/-31BER Boeing 777-21BER MD-82 MD-90 Saab 340 SCHOTT 360
    ERJ-145 series


    As of the end of 2010, China Southern Airlines (China Southern) had 1,500 daily flights to 169 countries and regions around the world, 898 destinations, and its route network ranked first in Asia and fifth in the world. The cumulative passenger traffic volume is close to the 80 million mark, ranking first among Chinese airlines for 32 consecutive years, ranking first in Asia, and close to the passenger traffic volume of the world's largest airline.

    The following is a list of normalized scheduled flight destinations actually operated by China Southern Airlines and its subsidiary China Southern Air Cargo (China Southern Cargo), excluding the destinations of Xiamen Airlines, Chongqing Airlines and other subsidiaries.

    GuangZhou Airline

    Two alphabet codeCZ
    Three alphabet codeCSN
    Call lettersCHINA SOUTHERN
    Country and regionChina
    Fleet quantity571
    Number of destination cities opened210
    Airlift alliance Sky team
    Phone number+86 20 8557 8637
    Headquarters addressGuangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China